Today, the Biden Administration released its fiscal year (FY) 2023 budget proposal, which indicates the Administration’s priorities heading into the FY 2023 budget and appropriations cycle. This year’s budget proposal includes an additional $10 billion for the Housing Credit over 10 years as part of a $50 billion initiative to increase affordable housing supply, which the proposal puts forth as a key solution to address cost pressures impacting Americans and expand economic capacity. The AHTCC has been working closely with the Administration to emphasize that the Housing Credit must be part of any solution to increase affordable housing supply, and we are glad to see the Administration prioritize the Housing Credit.
The budget proposes that the majority of the investment in the Housing Credit be provided through a discretionary basis boost for bond-financed properties. This basis boost would mirror the boost already available for 9 percent Housing Credits, but would only apply in the case of bond-financed new construction or substantial rehabilitation that adds new net units. Details of the Housing Credit proposal can be found in the Treasury Department’s Green Book on pages 20-21.
The budget proposal notes that, because discussions with Congress and the White House over the next iteration of Build Back Better continue, the budget proposal includes a “deficit neutral reserve fund” to account for any future legislation. This reserve fund preserves “the revenue from proposed tax and prescription drug reforms for the investments needed to bring down costs for American families and expand our productive capacity.” This means that the Housing Credit provisions that were included in Build Back Better are not reflected in detail in this budget proposal, but rather are being considered separately along with other Build Back Better proposals for potential inclusion in subsequent reconciliation legislation this year.
Additional Affordable Housing Proposals
To further increase affordable housing supply beyond the new $10 billion investment in the Housing Credit, the Administration proposes an additional $40 billion in mandatory funding for housing programs over 10 years. This includes a new $35 billion Housing Supply Fund under the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which would provide $25 billion for affordable housing production grants and $10 billion to remove barriers to affordable housing development. An additional $5 billion for the Treasury’s Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund would finance new construction and substantial rehabilitation that creates net new units of affordable rental and for sale housing. As mandatory spending, if enacted, these funds would be allocated over the next 10 years and would not need to be approved by Congress each year.
In addition to the Administration’s $50 billion proposal to increase affordable housing supply, the budget proposal requests $71.9 billion in discretionary funding for HUD, which is a $12.3 billion or 21 percent increase from the 2021 enacted level. Details of the discretionary funding request can be found below. Unlike mandatory spending, discretionary spending is subject to the appropriations process and must be approved each year. Congress will consider the President’s discretionary spending proposals as it determines its FY 2023 budget and appropriations bills.
Key Differences Between the Fiscal Year 2023 and 2022 Budgets
The FY 2023 budget proposal differs from the FY 2022 proposal in several key ways. The FY 2023 budget proposes significantly less investment in affordable housing overall – a combined $122 billion for FY 2023 down from over $300 billion for FY 2022 (see details of the FY 2022 proposal here). This is largely because the FY 2022 proposal reflected a robust plan for Build Back Better, while the FY 2023 budget does not include previously-proposed Build Back Better priorities, but rather includes new priorities for the Administration. To have the Housing Credit still included as a major piece of this more limited proposal is significant.
The FY 2022 budget also proposed a much higher $55 billion investment in the Housing Credit with a focus on investments in high opportunity areas, which was important to signal the Administration’s support for the Housing Credit. This support translated to $12 billion for the AHTCC’s Housing Credit priorities being included in the Build Back Better bill that passed out of the House and was proposed in the Senate, including a Housing Credit allocation increase and reduction of the 50 percent bond-financing threshold. Congress will play a significant role in determining the details of any forthcoming reconciliation bill, and we will continue to advocate for the inclusion of our priorities.
Other Budget Priorities
The FY 2023 budget proposal totals $5.8 trillion, which is a 5.7 percent increase from FY 2022 enacted levels. In addition to the affordable housing component, the proposal has a focus on economic resurgence, including job growth, strengthening supply chains, and promoting competition; pandemic response, the description of which notes the importance of emergency rental assistance and eviction prevention; rebuilding infrastructure; tackling climate change; and advancing equity.
The proposal also emphasizes that the deficit is on track to drop by more than $1 trillion this year, and that the FY 2023 budget proposals would further reduce the deficit to less than half of last year’s levels as a share of the economy. The revenue raising proposals include a 28 percent corporate tax rate (up from 21 percent), a 39.6 percent income tax rate (up from 37 percent) for the highest income individuals, and a 20 percent minimum tax on unrealized capital gains for taxpayers with wealth over $100 million.
The proposal would also make permanent the New Markets Tax Credit. Though the proposal does not include several other community development proposals included in the FY 2022 budget or Build Back Better bill, such as the Neighborhood Homes Investment Act, these proposals are being considered separately and could still be included in a future reconciliation bill.
Affordable Housing Details
Mandatory Funding to Increase Affordable Housing Supply
The budget requests $50 billion over 10 years to increase affordable housing supply, including the proposals below.
- $35 billion over 10 years for a new Housing Supply Fund
- $25 billion for affordable housing production production grants to state and local housing finance agencies and their partners to provide grants, revolving loan funds, and other streamlined financing tools
- $10 billion in grants to advance state and local jurisdictions’ efforts to remove barriers to affordable housing development, including housing-related infrastructure
- $10 billion for the Housing Credit, most of which would be provided through “selective basis boosts for bond-financed” Housing Credit developments
- $5 billion to support lending by eligible CDFIs to finance new construction and substantial rehabilitation that creates net new units of affordable rental and for sale housing
Discretionary Funding for HUD
The budget requests $71.9 billion in discretionary funding for HUD, which is a $12.3 billion or 21 percent increase from the 2021 enacted level. Key rental housing programs are below. See additional details from HUD here.
- $32.1 billion for Section 8 Tenant-Based Vouchers (up from $27.4 billion enacted in 2022 and $25.8 billion in 2021); $1.6 billion would be used to expand assistance to an additional 200,000 households, and $26.2 billion would be used for contract renewals, including $50 million for the Rental Assistance Demonstration
- $15 billion for Project-Based Rental Assistance (up from $13.9 billion in 2022 and $13.5 billion in 2021), including $400 million to become available in 2024
- $8.8 billion for the Public Housing Fund, including $5 billion for the operating fund and $3.2 billion for the capital fund (equal to that in 2022, and up from $4.9 billion for the operating fund and $2.9 billion for the capital fund in 2021)
- $3.8 billion for the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) (up from $3.3 billion in 2022 and $3.5 billion in 2021), including $195 million to spur equitable development and the removal of barriers to revitalization in 100 of the most underserved neighborhoods in the United States
- $3.6 billion for Homeless Assistance Grants (up from $3.2 billion in 2022 and $3 billion in 2021)
- $1.9 billion for the HOME Investment Partnerships program (up from $1.5 billion in 2022 and $1.4 billion in 2021)
- $1 billion for Native American Programs (equal to the amount in 2022 and up from $825 million in 2021), including $150 million for activities that advance resilience and energy efficiency in housing-related projects
- $966 million for Section 202 Housing for the Elderly Program (down from $1 billion in 2022 and up from $855 million in 2021)
- $455 million for Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA) (up from $450 million in 2022 and $430 million in 2021)
- $400 million for the Office of Lead Hazard Control and Healthy Homes (down from $415 million in 2022 and up from $360 million in 2021), in addition to $25 million to address lead-based paint in public housing and $60 million to prevent and mitigate other housing-related health hazards, such as fire safety and mold, in HUD-assisted housing
- $288 million for Section 811 Housing for People with Disabilities Program (down from $352 million in 2022 and up from $227 million in 2021)
- $250 million for Choice Neighborhoods Initiative (down from $350 million in 2022 and up from $200 million in 2021), including $10 million for a new Revitalization and Empowerment of Communities near Contaminated Lands through Assistance, Investment, and Mitigation (RECLAIM) program
- $175 million for the Self-Sufficiency Programs (up from $159 million in 2022 and $155 million in 2021)
- $86 million for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (up from $85 million in 2022 and $73 million in 2021)